Who or what is God? Is there a God at all? Most religions claim that there is at least one God. Some religions, such as Hinduism, claim there are 30 million Gods. Other belief systems, such as naturalism and Buddhism, claim that there is no God.
Whatever we are to believe, we must first understand that since most belief systems make exclusive claims, they can not all be right. They can, however, all be wrong. There is also the possibility that there is a God, but oddly has not revealed itself to mankind. The only other logical possibility is that only one religious claim is right and all others are simply wrong. Ultimately we all need to answer some very important questions: (a) Who are we? (b) Where did we come from? (c) What is our purpose? (d) Where are we going?
If there is no God and all religions are wrong the entire universe can be explained in time by natural processes and events. But what would that really mean?
This view is generally called atheism, materialism or philosophical naturalism.
Upon closer examination this option is generally found to be the least reasonable. To find out why many scientists, philosophers and historians believe there is reasonable cause for belief in God:
This option is all but a guessing game because if there is a God which has not revealed itself to mankind no amount of inspection from our end is capable of fully revealing this God to us. We are, therefore, left with no course of action we can take to examine the issue further. We can try to detect this God in many different ways, including the examination of the natural world, and even if were able to find traces of this God, the indifference of this God toward its created creatures, would be hard to overcome.
Thus, were we to have a good indication that this sort of God does in fact exist, it would change things very little in terms of how we are to live our lives. A God of this sort would be in the wrong to expect worship from creatures that it has not revealed itself to.
This view is generally called deism.
Upon closer examination this option is generally found to have some explanatory power, but still lacks some answers to the most important questions that mankind asks. To find out why many scientists, philosophers and historians believe there is reasonable cause for belief in a more personal God:
If there is a God and He has reached out to humanity, we should be able to know which religious claims are more likely to be true than others. We have to start to deal with all the exclusive claims of all the different religions.
This view is generally called theism, pantheism, panantheism depending on the religion.
Upon closer examination the subset of this option, called theism (Judaism, Christianity, Islam), is generally found to be the most reasonable. To find out why many scientists, philosophers and historians believe there is reasonable cause for belief in God: